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How to Enhance Your Memory with Simple Learning Hacks

Admission: I’m often forgetful.
In fact, I’ve forgotten more things than I can remember.

 

But, don’t get too smug.

 

Odds are that you, like almost every human, have a memory that’s approximately goldfish.

 

Why?

 

It’s because our super-special brains are only capable of holding 4-7 “fun-sized” bits of information at a time in our working memory

Wan't to see if you can do better?
Take a glance at this set of numbers:

1 – 8 – 6 – 2 – 5 – 5 – 5 – 6 – 3 – 5 - 7

Now close your eyes and try to recall the numbers. 

 

If you can, congratulations!
Only 1% of people can do this. This is because the brain is trying to take in 11 chunks of information instead of 4-7.

Let’s look at the number a different way:

800-555-6357

By formatting the bits like a phone number, it becomes much easier to remember. Our memory is able to expand when we effectively break down information into manageable chunks.

 

That said, our brain’s frontal lobes only keep that information for a few seconds. Then, another set of “chunks” will catch our attention. Worse, the learning centers of our brains can only deal with one or two ideas at a time.

 

So to efficiently learn anything, key information must get absorbed with precision. Then, your brain needs time to absorb it and encode it into long-term memory.

 

Nobel Laureate Eric Kandel explains in his book In Search of Memory that your brain needs rest to form long-term memories. This is why top athletes and other performers divide their practice into time-limited sessions with breaks.

During these breaks, it’s best to spend time daydreaming.

 

Many consider mind-wandering a bad habit, but when you daydream your awareness expands throughout your brain. Meanwhile, hundreds of thoughts get processed and stored in your deeper memory.

 

You can improve your recall by taking just 60 seconds to let your mind wander after you learn something new. Just sit back, relax, and let your mind go anywhere it wants. The same holds true if you’ve been focusing on a task for a while. If you set alarms to give yourself micro-vacations, your performance will improve.

 

By learning in small chunks and giving yourself seconds to daydream, your performance can soar like a pterodactyl.

Dive Deeper

Brain connectivity during resting state and subsequent working memory task predicts behavioral performance.
Sala-Llonch R, Peña-Gómez C, Arenaza-Urquijo EM, Vidal-Piñeiro D, Bargalló N, Junqué C, Bartrés-Faz D. Cortex. 2012 Oct; 48( 9): 1187-96.

Brief wakeful resting boosts new memories over the long term.
Dewar M, Alber J, Butler C, Cowan N, Della Sala S. Psychol Sci. 2012 Sep 1;23( 9): 955-60.

Words Can Change Your Brain. Newberg A, M.D., Waldman, M. R., Penguin Group, 2012.

Nondirective meditation activates default mode network and areas associated with memory retrieval and emotional processing.
Xu J, Vik A, Groote IR, Lagopoulos J, Holen A, Ellingsen O, HÃ¥berg AK, Davanger S. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014 Feb 26;8: 86.

Kandel, E. In Search of Memory. Norton, 2006.

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